Stronger TPR powers – response welcomes direction of travel, but questions lack of reasons behind certain proposals and unforeseen consequences of others…

21 August 2018:  In its response to the consultation on stronger powers for the Pensions Regulator, the Association of Consulting Actuaries (ACA), whilst expressing ‘support for the direction of travel’, is critical of certain sections that have hardly any policy reasons as to why reforms are proposed.    

Commenting on the response ACA Chair, Jenny Condron said:

“We are supportive of the consultation paper’s direction of travel, but it provides little detail in all of the areas and in some instances, particularly in relation to the Contribution Notice and Financial Support Direction proposals, there are hardly any policy reasons as to why the proposals were being put forward, making it difficult for us to provide a full response.  We look forward to working with the DWP and Pensions Regulator as the various proposals in the consultation document are worked up – it will be important for further consultation to take place in order to ensure that what is delivered is appropriate and proportionate.”

The ACA response highlighted a couple of areas of note:

Contribution Notice – Material detriment test

The response notes that a test along the lines of “detrimentally affected in a material way the covenant of the employer towards the scheme” could bring many more situations into scope than at present, a number of which are unlikely to be appropriate for regulatory action.  The obvious example is that the Regulator views payment of dividends as covenant reducing, which it is, in an immediate quantitative sense, but companies need to attract investors and one way to do that is to provide them with annual returns, so on a qualitative basis, paying dividends can be covenant enhancing.

Jenny Condron comments: “We have a concern that a pure covenant test, measured at a point in time, could enable intervention which with hindsight would prove not to be appropriate.”

Financial Support Direction – the insufficiently resourced test

We understand that due to impreciseness of the legislation there can be difficulties in determining whether the first leg of the test is met – i.e. establishing the value of the employer’s resources to compare again the estimated section 75 debt to see whether the “less than 50%” test is met.  The ‘rich uncle’ second leg is normally a formality.  But rather than seek to resolve the ‘poor parent’ issue it may be better to replace the insufficiently resourced test with a completely different measure, such as providing that the corporate veil can be pierced in relation to any scheme that is funded below a certain percentage of its technical provisions.  It may then also be possible to drop the service company gateway.

Jenny Condron added: “A technical provisions approach could act as a spur to better scheme funding and lessen the need to seek a lookback period greater than two years.  But any such proposal would need separate consultation before being finalised so that its pros and cons can be thoroughly scrutinised.”

The full response is available here

For further comments:

 David Everett (Chair, Pension Schemes Committee)            020 7432 6635

Gareth Boyd (PR Committee Chair)                                       01737 241144

David Robertson (Secretariat)                                                020 3102 6761 (M: 07919 911380)

About the Association of Consulting Actuaries (ACA)
Members of the ACA provide advice to thousands of pension schemes, including most of the country’s largest schemes.  Members of the Association are all qualified actuaries and all actuarial advice given is subject to the Actuaries’ Code.  Advice given to clients is independent and impartial.  ACA members include the scheme actuaries to schemes covering the majority of members of private sector defined benefit pension schemes.  The ACA is the representative body for UK consulting actuaries, whilst the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries is the professional body.
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